Historical Context


1914 - World War I begins
1917 - United States enter World War I
1919 - World War I ends
1920 - Prohibition starts in the United States
           Women are given the right to vote
1929 - Stock Market crashes
1932 - Amelia Earhart flies across the Atlantic Ocean
1939 - World War II starts
1960 - Kennedy elected President
!961 - First man orbits the earth
          Berlin Wall erected
1963 - Kennedy assassinated
1964 - Civil Rights Act passed
1968 - Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated
1969 - Armstrong walks on the moon
1970 - First Earth Day launches environmental movement
1989 - Berlin Wall opens
           Exxon Valdez oil spills

    *based on Strickland, Annotated Monalisa, page 169
Louise Nevelson was influenced by World War II. She was Jewish, and her art studio in Germany was shut down. One of her works of art, Homage to 6,000,000, was dedicated to the Jews that died in the Holocaust.

The war also affected her because she could not buy the materials for her sculptures. The materials that she would have otherwise bought were either not available or too expensive. She turned to found materials such as wood. In an interview, she talks about how she once found a carpet box outside her studio. She brought it inside and began working with it, and she turned it into a work of art.